• Kazakhstan


    Capital: Astana.

    Area: 2 717 300 sq. km. km.

    Population: 16 million 304 thousand 840 people (provisional results of the census of enumerationof 2009)

    Admin. Divisions: The Republic, composed of 14 regions and three cities of republican subordination.

    Currency: Kazakh tenge (100 tiyn).

    Geographical Location: Kazakhstan - a state in Central Asia. In the south-west is washed by the Caspian Sea. It borders on Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. In the West - a part of the Caspian, and Turan lowlands, in the central part - Kazakh melkosopochnik, in the north - the southern edge of the West Siberian Plain, in the East and South-East - Mountains of Altai, Tarbagatay, Jungar Alat, Tien-Shan.

    Climate: The climate is continental. The average temperatures on January from -18 C in the north to -3 C in the south, on July 19C in the north and 30C in the South. Annual precipitation At the north from 300 mm in the desert less than 100 mm in the mountains up to 1 600 mm.

    In the Republic of Kazakhstan state language is Kazakh. In state institutions and local self-administrative bodies the Russian language is officially used on equal grounds along with the Kazak language.

    Official holidays:

    01, 02 January - New Year

    08 March - International Women’s Day

    March 22 - Feast of Nauryz

    01 May - Celebration of Unity of Peoples of Kazakhstan

    09 May - Victory Day

    July 06 - Day of Capital

    30 August - Day of Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan

    25 October - Republic Day

    16, December 17 - Independence Day

    Government

    Kazakhstan - Republic of Kazakhstan proclaims itself a democratic, secular, legal and social state whose highest values are an individual, his life, rights and freedoms.

    The Republic of Kazakhstan is a unitary state with presidential form of government.

    President of the Republic of Kazakhstan is the head of the state, its highest official, determining the main directions of internal and foreign policy and representing Kazakhstan within the country and in international relations.

    President of the Republic - the symbol and guarantor of the unity of the people and state power, inviolability of the Constitution, human rights and freedoms of citizens.

    President of the Republic to ensure the coherent functioning of all branches of government and responsible authorities to the people.

    President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Nursultan Nazarbayev.

    Executive power is exercised by the Government, headed by a system of executive bodies and provide guidance to them.

    Government is a collegial body and all its activities is responsible to the President of the Republic, and in cases prescribed by the Constitution - in front of Parliament and Parliament Majilis.

    Competence, the organization and activities of the Government shall be determined by Constitutional Law.

    The government formed by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan in accordance with the Constitution.

    Proposals on the structure and composition of Government shall be submitted to the President of the Republic, Prime Minister of the Republic within ten days after the appointment of the Prime Minister.

    Members of the Government shall take an oath to the people and the President of Kazakhstan. The system of the executive branch is composed of ministries, services and agencies. Head of Government - Prime Minister Karim Massimov.

    The Parliament is the supreme representative body of the Republic performing legislative functions.

    The powers of Parliament may be prematurely terminated in cases and manner prescribed by the Constitution.

    The organization and activities of Parliament, the legal status of its deputies shall be determined Constitutional Law.

    Parliament consists of two chambers: the Senate and the Majilis, acting on a permanent basis.

    Foreign policy. The main foreign partners of Kazakhstan - Russia, China and the EU.

    Kazakhstan is a member of CIS, SCO, CICA, CSTO and EurAsEC.

    Proclaimed a course for entering of Kazakhstan into the 50 most competitive countries in the world.

    Economy. Kazakhstan is the most developed country in Central Asia.

    Leading industries: ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, chemical, machine building, light and food industries. Developed as oil refining, production of construction materials and mining (coal, oil, natural gas, iron ore, copper ore, lead-zinc ore, nickel ore, bauxite and other minerals).

    Agriculture - Crops, mainly hard wheat varieties. Also grown feep and technical crops: sunflower, cotton, linen. There are fruit growing, wine growing, melon-growing. Stock breeding presented by meat and wool sheep breeding, meat and dairy cattle breeding.

    Large resorts: Borovoye, Alma-Arasan, Saryagash, Kenderli.

    Since July 1, 2007 the entire income of the primary sector (including the oil) is sent to the National Fund. Thus, the budget which is at the government disposal is formed without the «oil money».